Social Security benefits play a vital role in reducing poverty in every state. Without Social Security, 21.7 million more Americans would be poor.
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Social Security provides monthly benefits to retired workers and workers with disabilities, their dependents, and their survivors.
We examine Social Security’s effects on poverty and on particular demographic groups. We also analyze Social Security reform proposals to determine their likely impact on the program’s long-term solvency and its effectiveness in reducing poverty and hardship.