Senior Director of State Fiscal Research
Update, June 7: On June 6, the Kansas legislature, by a bipartisan two-thirds majority, overrode Gov. Brownback’s veto of a bill reversing most of the Brownback tax cuts. We’ve update the timeline below accordingly.
Five years ago this week, Kansas Governor Sam Brownback signed one of the biggest income tax cuts a state has ever enacted, promising that they’d act “like a shot of adrenaline into the heart of the Kansas economy.” Tax cut promoters Art Laffer and Stephen Moore, who helped design the cuts, said they would produce an “immediate and lasting boost” to the state’s economy. Rather than fueling an economic surge, however, the tax cuts have wreaked havoc on Kansas’ budget, as the timeline below shows.
Revenues fell $700 million in the first year and have never recovered, even as the costs of education and other services have risen with inflation and population growth. That’s left the state with a serious budget imbalance, which the governor and lawmakers have tried to paper over by draining operating reserves and raiding the state highway fund at the expense of needed road projects, among other dubious maneuvers.
Consequently, two major bond rating agencies have downgraded Kansas’ bonds, making it more expensive for the state to invest in infrastructure — a cornerstone of a strong future. School funding per pupil remains far below its levels of a decade ago, leading the state’s Supreme Court to rule that schools are unconstitutionally underfunded. And Brownback’s tax changes have widened inequality by raising taxes on low-income families, in part because lawmakers raised the sales tax (which falls harder on the poor and middle class than on the wealthy) to help finance the income tax cuts (which disproportionately benefit the state’s wealthiest residents).
Last year, voters made clear that they’d had enough, electing lawmakers who are much more skeptical about the tax cuts. In February, the new legislature voted to roll back the tax cuts and very nearly overcame the governor’s veto. They’re still negotiating, but Brownback’s tax cuts are very unlikely to survive intact. They’ve been a disaster for Kansas, and they offer a harsh lesson for other states considering deep tax cuts.