Update, April 27: For an updated post reflecting the Administration’s latest proposal, see https://www.cbpp.org/blog/trump-plan-to-raise-minimum-rents-would-put-nearly-a-million-children-at-risk-of-homelessness-0.
Under President Trump’s proposal to raise rents by up to $1,800 a year on the poorest households receiving federal rental assistance — virtually all of which have annual incomes of less than $7,000 — roughly 1.7 million people (including nearly 1 million children) would face eviction, hardship, and homelessness.
The President’s 2019 budget request for the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) would raise rents on people with rental assistance in several different ways. One is by raising the “minimum rent” for non-elderly, non-disabled households. Currently, assisted households generally must pay 30 percent of their income for rent. Public housing agencies, however, may require households to pay a minimum rent of up to $50 per month, and households in Section 8 Project-Based Rental Assistance (PBRA) pay a minimum rent of $25 per month — even if that exceeds 30 percent of their income. A leaked HUD document indicates that the proposal would raise the monthly minimum rent for non-elderly, non-disabled households to $152 and make it mandatory across housing agencies. That would triple the rent for households now paying a $50 minimum (and would be an even bigger increase for those receiving Section 8 PBRA).
The proposal would affect only the poorest people receiving federal rental assistance, raising rents on some 1.7 million people, including 970,000 children (see chart). The number of children in severe poverty has grown substantially since the mid-1990s, in part because the safety net’s erosion for families with children has left many such families with little or no income when they’re jobless. Many of the other affected adults have been homeless, or may have physical or mental health conditions or limited education that make it difficult to find or sustain employment.
The typical affected household is a mother with two children with an annual income of $2,400 — just $200 per month. After paying rent under this proposal, the family would have only about $50 for necessities like clothing, personal care items, diapers, or school supplies, as well as food or medical needs that aren’t met by other assistance.
While affected families may be eligible for hardship exemptions from having to pay the higher minimum rent, very few assisted families receive such exemptions in practice. Households have to request an exemption, but eligible households may not know that exemptions are available or how to apply if the housing agency doesn’t adequately publicize the policy. There’s little reason to expect that to change under a higher minimum rent policy, as HUD has not complied with a 2016 congressional directive to certify that existing protections are being enforced.
A $152 mandatory minimum rent would put the lowest-income families and individuals at risk of eviction and even homelessness, which is particularly harmful to children. Rental assistance programs are designed to help low-income families rent decent housing at an affordable cost. This proposal does the exact opposite by raising the rent on the most vulnerable HUD-assisted households.