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SNAP Retailers Database

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) helps families and individuals to afford a basic diet by providing modest benefits that are used to purchase food in stores throughout the nation.  SNAP is incredibly efficient; by boosting low-income households’ food purchasing power so they can buy the food they need directly from stores, SNAP integrates the economically marginalized with almost no administrative overhead. 

With about 260,000 retailers participating in SNAP nationwide, the program represents an important public-private partnership.  These stores, ranging from big box superstores and supermarkets to specialty stores, farmer’s markets, and convenience stores, redeemed a total of about $66.5 billion in benefits in 2016.  While the majority of stores fall into the convenience and grocery store categories, most participants shop at superstores and supermarkets.  Over 80 percent of benefits are redeemed at these larger stores. 

Retailers must apply to participate and meet certain standards proscribed under federal law.  USDA’s Food and Nutrition Services carefully monitors retailers to protect the program (for more on this, see here). 

To see the number of retailers authorized to participate in SNAP in your state and congressional district, select or click on the state and district in the map below.

 

Redemption by Store Type (2016)[1]
Store Type Definition Percent of all stores Percent of Redemptions
Super Store Big box stores, food warehouses and very large supermarkets. 7.5 51.7
Supermarket Stores commonly known as supermarkets and grocery stores, typically with 10 or more checkout lanes. 6.6 29.7
Grocery store[2] Stores primarily selling eligible items, though this includes independent drug stores, dollar stores and general stores. 32.6 11.2
Convenience Self-services stores that offer limited convenience items and typically a large variety of ineligible items. 45.2 5.6
Other All other stores including specialty stores (like butchers and bakeries), military commissaries, group homes and delivery routes. 6.7 1.7
Farmers’ market Single or multi-stall market selling agricultural products to the general public. 1.4 Less than 0.1

[1] Food and Nutrition Services, USDA, 2016 SNAP Retailer Management Year End Summary, available at: https://www.fns.usda.gov/sites/default/files/snap/2016-SNAP-Retailer-Management-Year-End-Summary.pdf.

[2] This category is subdivided into small, medium, large and combination grocery stores.

 

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