State Budget and Tax

States Can Adopt or Expand Earned Income Tax Credits to Build a Stronger Future Economy

State EITCs provide extensive benefits to children, families, and communities, and are straightforward to administer and to claim.  Lawmakers in states without their own EITC should consider enacting one. 

With this important investment, states can make a big difference in the lives of low- and moderate-income working families.

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Basics

State and local governments are the main source of funding for K-12 education, public colleges and universities, health care, transportation, public safety, and many other services — including services for low-income and other vulnerable residents.  They finance these services mostly through taxes and fees, primarily income and sales taxes.  (Not every state has an income and sales tax.)  Unlike the federal government, states must balance their budgets on an annual basis.

Policy Basics:
- Policy Basics: The ABCs of State Budgets
- Where Do Our State Tax Dollars Go?
- Property Tax Caps
- Tax Payer Bill of Rights (TABOR)
- State Earned Income Tax Credits

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The Center’s State Fiscal Project works with state officials and state-based nonprofits to develop responsible budget and tax policies that take the needs of low-income families into account.  We provide information and technical assistance on a variety of issues, including strengthening state tax systems, state budget priorities, and making low-income programs more effective.  We also help state nonprofits understand how federal budget and tax decisions affect states and their residents.

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