Pictographs

Miriam sold some apples last week. She recorded the number of apples she sold each day using a tally chart. She wanted to show the number of apples she sold each dayusing picturesof apples. What kind of graph can she use?

She can use a **pictograph**!

A **pictograph** is a graph that uses pictures to show the total number for each item.

In a **pictograph**, each picture represents certain number of items.

Let's help Miriam draw a pictograph!

π First, decide what picture or object you will use to represent the items.

Since Miriam's graph will about apples sold, it's best for her to use apples.

π Next, assign a **key **or **legend **for the picture.

You must assign what each apple will represent.

But how will you do this? π€

Look at the **largest number **in the tally chart.

What is the biggest number?

That's right! 14!

If you assign **1 apple = 1 apple sold**, then you would have to draw 14 apples for the row that says "Thursday".

That's a lot of apples! π£

How about if you assign **1 apple drawing = 2 apples sold**? π€

β That could work since the numbers in the chart are all even numbers. Even numbers are divisible by 2!

So our **key **is:

**1 apple drawing ****= ****2 apples sold**

π Lastly, create a two-column table.

- **One column **would be for the **category**, and the **other column **would be for the **count**.

- Don't forget to add a **title **for your pictograph and write the **key **or **legend** at the bottom!

Now let's add how many apples were sold each day. π

β Miriam sold 12 apples on Monday.Β

Since **1 apple drawing = 2 apples sold**, so you need to divide:

**12 Γ· 2 = 6**

This means you need to draw 6 apples for Monday.

β Miriam sold 6 apples on Tuesday.Β

**6 Γ· 2 = 3**

Draw 3 apples for Tuesday.

β Miriam sold 10 apples on Wednesday.

**10 Γ· 2 = 5**

Draw 5 apples for Wednesday.

How many apples do you need to draw for Thursday? π€

That's right!

**14 Γ· 2 = 7**

π You need to draw 7 apples because Miriam sold 14 apples.

How many apples do you need to draw for Friday? π€

Correct!

**8 Γ· 2 = 4**

π Draw 4 apples for Friday because Miriam sold 8 apples.

Let's complete the pictograph!

Doesn't it look nice? π

Let's try to read a pictograph!

Miriam made another pictograph for the apples she sold the following week.

π€ How many apples did Miriam sell **on Monday?** π€

The first thing to do is to look at the legend at the bottom of the graph.

π It says 1 apple drawing equals to 2 apples sold.

There are 6 apples for Monday.

If 1 apple drawing represents 2 apples sold, then we have to multiply:

**6 x 2 = 12**

β Miriam sold 12 apples!

π€ How many apples did she sell **on Wednesday**? π€

You're correct!

β She sold 14 apples!

If we check that by multiplication:

**7 apple drawings x 2 = 14 apples sold**

Our answer's correct!

π€ How many apples did she sell **the entire week**? π€

First, we have to add all the apple drawings for each day:

**6 + 4 + 7 + 5 + 8 = 30**

But we're not done yet!

Since 1 apple drawings is equal to 2 apples sold, we have to multiply our sum by 2:

**30 x 2 = 60**

β Miriam sold 60 apples the entire week!

Great! Now you know how to make pictographs, and read them! π

Are you ready for some practice? πͺ

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