September 17, 2001

by Nicholas Johnson

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Forty-five states and the District of Columbia levy general sales taxes. A majority of those states have in some way eliminated, reduced, or offset the tax as applied to food for home consumption. The relief strategies include full or partial exemptions from the sales tax for food purchased for home consumption and credits or rebates to offset the food tax. Of the states with sales taxes:

Local governments, which in many states levy their own sales taxes, usually follow state policy on the food exemption. The major exceptions are localities in Arizona, Colorado, Georgia and North Carolina. While those four states are among the 27 states that exempt food at the state level, many or all cities and counties in those states tax grocery food purchases.

End Notes:

1. For more details on food tax exemptions and credits, see Nicholas Johnson and Iris J. Lav, Should States Tax Food?: Examining the Policy Issues and Options,, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, May 1998.

2. Hawaii formerly offered a food tax credit; it was repealed effective tax year 1999 and replaced with a slightly larger tax credit targeted to low-income families that is no longer explicitly labeled a food tax credit. New Mexico offers a Low-Income Comprehensive Tax Rebate that is intended to offset a range of taxes on low-income families including the sales tax on food.