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Posts by Kathy Ruffing

Denied Disability Applicants Fare Badly in the Labor Market

August 9, 2018

Older applicants who are denied Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits struggle in the labor market afterward, ...

Few Denied Social Security Disability Insurance Applicants Go Back to Work

Disability Insurance Greatly Boosts Women’s Financial Security

March 16, 2018

As the nation celebrates Women’s History Month, our new paper highlights an important source of financial security for women workers and their families:...

Nearly Equal Numbers of Men and Women Now Collect SSDI

SSI Doesn’t Explain Decline in Labor-Force Participation, Either

September 28, 2017

We recently explained why it’s wrong to blame Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) — which pays modest benefits to workers under age 66 who’ve experienced a severe, career-...

Small Changes in Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Receipt Don't Explain Declining Labor-Force Participation

Decline in Labor-Force Participation Not Due to Disability Programs

August 25, 2017

Labor-force participation — the share of adults 16 and older who are working or looking for work — peaked at just over 67 percent in 1996-2000 and has fallen since then. Some analysts...

Declining Labor-Force Participation and Rising Disability Receipt Have Affected Different Groups

4 Reasons Why Disability Insurance Is Especially Important to Less-Educated Workers

May 4, 2017

Social Security Disability Insurance (DI) — which pays modest but vital benefits to people with severe and long-lasting medical impairments who can no longer support themselves by working — is especially important to workers who’ve earned only a high-school diploma, or less (see graph)....

Disability Insurance (DI) Receipt is Highest Among Older Workers With Limited Education

U.S. Disability Benefits Modest by International Standards

November 1, 2016

U.S. spending on public disability benefits remains low by international standards, new figures from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) show (see graph).

As our chart book shows, the...

U.S. Spends Comparatively Little on Public Disability Benefits

Even Disability Recipients Who Recover Have Limited Work Capacity

July 14, 2016

Most Social Security Disability Insurance (DI) beneficiaries whose benefits stop because their medical condition has improved have little capacity for substantial and sustained work, a new study finds.  It’s further...


CBO’s Social Security Projections No Cause for Alarm

February 16, 2016

The Congressional Budget Office’s (CBO) financial projections for Social Security — published in June and clarified this month — paint a gloomier outlook than those...

CBO More Pessimistic About Social Security Finances than Trustees, Technical Panel

Disability Insurance Has Many Safeguards Against Fraud and Abuse

September 21, 2015

Social Security Disability Insurance (DI) maintains high levels of program integrity, despite periodic claims to the contrary, and the program has many safeguards against fraud and abuse.

  • Strict eligibility standards.  DI’s most potent defense against
  • ...
Only About 4 of 10 Disability Insurance Applications Are Ultimately Allowed

What the 2015 Trustees’ Report Says About Social Security

September 10, 2015

With Social Security a likely topic in the 2016 presidential campaign, our analysis of this year’s Social Security trustees’ report...

Social Security's Growth Roughly Tracks Population's Aging