Reports by Sharon Parrott

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  • TANF at 10
    Sharon Parrott and Arloc Sherman
    August 17, 2006

    The 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) established the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant.  Under TANF, states received fixed block grants and had broad flexibility to design their own rules for their cash assistance programs, and broad authority to use the block grant resources for other programs outside of cash assistance to assist …
  • Analysis of New Interim Final TANF Rules
    Evelyn Ganzglass, Elizabeth Lower-Basch, Elisa Minoff, Sharon Parrott and Liz Schott
    July 21, 2006

    Introduction On June 29, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) issued regulations regarding the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program.  These regulations define the activities that are countable toward the work participation rate requirements, describe how the states must monitor and verify the hours that TANF recipients participate, and add some categories of …
  • Program Cuts in the President's Budget
    James R. Horney, Sharon Parrott and Arloc Sherman
    February 23, 2006

    The President’s budget proposes substantial cuts in funding for domestic discretionary programs over the next five years.  The budget specifies the funding level for each program in 2007, but the levels for specific programs for years after 2007 — the years in which the overall level of reductions in domestic …
  • Despite Inclusion of “Marriage-Promotion” Funding, Budget Bill Would Penalize States That Provide TANF Assistance to Poor Married Families
    Sharon Parrott
    January 31, 2006

    In December, the House and Senate each passed slightly different versions of the budget reconciliation conference agreement.[1]  The bills include a set of provisions related to the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant, including significant changes in the work requirements that states and families must meet.  These changes differ significantly from previous versions of TANF …
  • Summary of TANF Work Participation Provisions in the Budget Reconciliation Bill
    Mark Greenberg and Sharon Parrott
    January 18, 2006

    The budget reconciliation bill includes a set of provisions related to TANF and federal child care funding, including changes to TANF work participation rules.[1]   This document provides a brief summary and a more detailed explanation of each change.   In brief: Effective October 1, 2006, each state would be required to meet a 50 percent participation rate for all families …
  • Assessing the Effects of the Budget Conference Agreement on Low-Income Families and Individuals
    Robert Greenstein, Edwin Park and Sharon Parrott
    Revised January 9, 2006

    Some Congressional leaders are claiming that the low-income provisions in the conference agreement on the budget reconciliation bill are modest and will not harm vulnerable families.  Many of the legislation’s key provisions were altered behind closed doors in weekend negotiations, and the legislation was not released until after 1:00 the morning of December 19, just hours before …
  • State Budgets Would Be Squeezed Under Budget Conference Agreement
    Sharon Parrott, Nicholas Johnson, and Leighton Ku
    Revised January 6, 2006

    The budget reconciliation conference agreement which passed the Senate would have a significant impact on state budgets.  The agreement includes numerous changes to low-income programs in which states share costs with the federal government, such as Medicaid, Child Support Enforcement, and TANF.  On the whole, CBO estimates indicate that over the next five years, the loss to states from reductions in …
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