Reports by Richard Kogan

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  • A Tale of Two Bills: The Labor-HHS-Education and Defense Appropriations Bills
    Richard Kogan
    Revised November 16, 2007

    President Bush has said he will veto the appropriations bill that funds the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education for the coming fiscal year, while he plans to sign the bill funding the Department of Defense. The Administration says the funding Congress provides in the Labor-HHS-Education bill is …
  • The President’s Misleading Attack on Congress’s Appropriations Plan
    Richard Kogan
    November 14, 2007

    In vetoing the appropriations bill funding the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, the President charged yesterday that Congress plans an irresponsible increase of $205 billion over the next five years in domestic discretionary spending (spending on domestic programs funded through the appropriations process) over the …
  • The House Has Complied This Year With Its New “Pay-As-You-Go” Rule: But Greater Challenges Lie Ahead
    By James R. Horney and Richard Kogan [1]
    November 7, 2007

    In early January, the House of Representatives established a Pay-As-You-Go rule.  The rule prohibits the House from considering any tax or entitlement legislation that would increase projected deficits over the coming ten-year period.  Proposed entitlement increases must be fully offset, or “paid for,” by reductions in …
  • The Labor – H.H.S. – Education Veto in Context
    Richard Kogan
    October 24, 2007

    President Bush has said he will veto the appropriations bill that funds the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education for the coming fiscal year if Congress sends the bill to him with funding at the level either the House or Senate has approved.[i]  The Administration says the funding provided in the House- and …
  • Historical Averages Not a Meaningful Benchmark for Future Revenues
    Matt Fiedler and Richard Kogan
    August 22, 2007

    The “Mid-Session Review” that the Office of Management and Budget issued last month projects that revenues will be slightly above their 30-year average in 2007, measured as a share of the economy. The Administration and many of its supporters have cited this fact as evidence that current tax policies are generating an …
  • The 2008 Labor-HHS-Education Appropriations Bill
    Richard Kogan [note]
    July 18, 2007

    The Bush Administration has threatened to veto almost all appropriations bills that provide more funding than the President has requested, such as the bill funding the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education for fiscal year 2008, which starts October 1.  The President has described congressional appropriations plans as …
  • The Fight Over Appropriations: Myths and Reality
    Richard Kogan
    June 21, 2007

    The House and Senate appropriations committees recently established funding levels for each of the 12 appropriations bills for fiscal year 2008, and have begun producing bills that meet these targets.[1]  The Administration has charged that these funding levels represent large, fiscally irresponsible increases in federal spending that would threaten fiscal stability and the economy.  It has …
  • The Congressional Budget Plan
    James R. Horney and Richard Kogan, and Matt Fiedler
    Revised May 29, 2007

    On May 16, House and Senate negotiators reached agreement on a Congressional budget plan for fiscal year 2008 (S Con Res 21). Both the House and the Senate passed the conference report (S Rpt 110-153) the next day, and the report has now gone into effect as the approved fiscal year 2008 budget plan. This paper provides a brief overview of the conference …
  • Discretionary Funding Under the New Congressional Budget Plan
    Richard Kogan
    May 16, 2007

    On May 11, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget sent a letter to Congress on behalf of the Bush Administration, threatening to veto any 2008 appropriations legislation that exceeds the levels requested by President Bush.  As apparent justification for the threat, the OMB letter charged that the congressional budget plans approved by the Senate …
  • Ryan Budget Plan Would Increase Deficits, Exacerbate Inequality
    Richard Kogan
    March 29, 2007

    When the House of Representatives debates the congressional budget plan for fiscal year 2008, Rep. Paul Ryan, the Ranking Republican Member of the House Budget Committee, will offer a substitute for the budget plan that the Budget Committee approved on March 23, 2007.[1]  This analysis focuses on four aspects of the Ryan substitute. The tax and entitlement policies in the substitute …
  • The Alternative Minimum Tax, The President's Budget, and the Congressional Budget Resolutions
    Richard Kogan and Aviva Aron-Dine
    March 28, 2007

    This week, the House of Representatives will consider the budget resolution that the House Budget Committee approved March 22.  The House Budget Committee plan adheres to the Pay-As-You-Go (PAYGO) budget rules that have been in force in the House since January.  These rules require that the cost of any legislation that increases entitlement spending or reduces revenue be offset.  …
  • The House Budget Committee's Budget Plan
    James R. Horney and Richard Kogan
    Revised March 22, 2007

    The House Budget Committee voted early this morning along party lines to approve a budget plan that the full House is scheduled to consider next week.  This budget, which is very similar to the one approved by the Senate Budget Committee last week, marks an important first step in restoring fiscal responsibility in Congressional budgeting. [1] Restoring …
  • Key Argument Against Applying Pay-As-You-Go To Tax Cuts Does Not Withstand Scrutiny
    James R. Horney and Richard Kogan
    March 22, 2007

    In early January the House of Representatives instituted a “pay-as-you-go” rule, under which entitlement expansions and tax cuts — including the extension of expiring provisions of law that expand entitlement programs or cut taxes — must be paid for through offsetting entitlement reductions or tax increases.  (PAYGO rules do not …
  • How Should Policymakers Treat The Budget For Non-Defense "Discretionary" Programs?
    Robert Greenstein, Richard Kogan and Matt Fiedler
    March 13, 2007

    As Congress prepares a budget resolution that will (among other things) set funding limits for discretionary programs for fiscal year 2008, it is appropriate to examine funding trends for these programs in the context of the nation’s overall budgetary situation.  Discretionary programs include defense and homeland security spending, international affairs programs, and domestic programs …
  • The Long-Term Fiscal Outlook Is Bleak
    Richard Kogan, Matt Fiedler, Aviva Aron-Dine, and James R. Horney
    January 29, 2007

    In 2006, the federal government ran a deficit of $248 billion, or about 2 percent of the economy.  Deficits are projected to average about 2 percent of GDP over the next ten years, assuming the 2001 and 2003 tax cuts are extended.  After that, the fiscal situation is expected to deteriorate markedly. In this analysis, we present new projections for the …
  • There Is No General “Entitlement Crisis”
    Aviva Aron-Dine and Richard Kogan
    January 29, 2007

    As is well known, the United States will face grave budget challenges in coming decades.  In a new set of federal budget projections through 2050, we find that if current policies remain unchanged, federal expenditures will increase substantially as a share of the economy and revenues will fall short of covering expenditures by increasing amounts, leading to exploding …
  • New CBO Report Shows Only Modest Fiscal Improvement
    Robert Greenstein, James R. Horney and Richard Kogan
    January 24, 2007

    Several key findings and conclusions emerge from the new Congressional Budget Office report on the budget and the economy issued today.[1] The CBO report shows significant improvement in the ten-year budget outlook, but the improvement is not nearly as large as a casual reader of the report might think.  Part of what appears to be an …
  • The New Pay-As-You-Go Rule in The House of Representatives
    Richard Kogan
    January 12, 2007

    On January 5 the House of Representatives adopted a “Pay-As-You-Go” or PAYGO Rule as part of its package of Rules for the 110th Congress.[1]  This memorandum briefly describes the rule and includes some “questions and answers” about how it is intended to work. Summary of the PAYGO Rule.  The new House PAYGO rule establishes a point of order in the House of …
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