Reports by James R. Horney

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  • The Long-Term Fiscal Outlook Is Bleak
    Richard Kogan, Kris Cox, and James R. Horney
    December 16, 2008

    This report updates the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities’ projections of federal spending, revenues, deficits, and debt through 2050. These projections — like the projections the Center issued in January 2007 and the projections by other institutions such as the Congressional Budget Office (CBO), Government Accountability …
  • Only a Few of the 2001 and 2003 Tax Cut Provisions Benefit Families with Modest Incomes: But a Superficial Treasury Analysis Obscures this Fact
    James R. Horney and Chye-Ching Huang
    August 7, 2008

    A recent Treasury Department release, “Tax Relief in 2001 Through 2011,” shows the reduction in taxes that four hypothetical families with modest incomes are receiving as a result of “legislation enacted during the President’s term in office.”[1] The implication of the release is that the 2001 and 2003 …
  • Smaller Deficit Estimate No Surprise: New OMB Estimates Do Not Support Claims About Tax Cuts
    James R. Horney
    Revised July 13, 2008

    The Office of Management and Budget today released a report estimating that revenues for the current fiscal year will be higher, and the deficit lower, than the administration and the Congressional Budget Office projected five months ago.  OMB now estimates that the deficit for fiscal year 2007 will be $205 billion, down from the $244 billion estimate in the President’s budget in …
  • A Balanced Approach to Restoring Fiscal Responsibility
    Henry Aaron, Nancy Altman, Kenneth Apfel, James Blum, Peter Diamond, Robert Greenstein, Richard Kogan, Jack Lew, Marilyn Moon, Van Doorn Ooms, Uwe Reinhardt, Charles Schultz, Robert Solow, and Paul Van de Water
    July 9, 2008

    In a recent paper, “Taking Back Our Fiscal Future,” a group of policy analysts from several Washington think tanks proposed a radical change in budget procedures related to Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid as a way to address budget deficits projected for future decades. They urged Congress to establish 30-year budgets, or caps, for these programs. The White House would conduct a review every five years. If it projected that expenditures would exceed the caps, the programs would face automatic cuts or related tax increases.

  • The Congressional Budget Plan
    James R. Horney and Richard Kogan
    May 22, 2008

    On May 20, House and Senate negotiators reached agreement on a congressional budget plan for fiscal year 2009 (S.Con.Res. 70), which the House and Senate plan to vote on by the end of this week. This paper provides a brief analysis of the plan and how it compares with the budget President Bush submitted earlier this year. Current …
  • How CBO Estimates the Cost of Climate-Change Legislation
    Chad Stone, James R. Horney, and Robert Greenstein
    May 13, 2008

    When the Congressional Budget Office prepares cost estimates for climate-change legislation, those estimates reflect what is known as a “25-percent income and payroll tax offset.” As a result of this offset, the net revenue estimated to be generated by an auction of emissions allowances under a cap-and-trade program or …
  • The President's Budget and the Medicare “Trigger”
    James R. Horney and Richard Kogan
    Revised February 15, 2008

    Today, the President submitted legislation to Congress that would ostensibly keep general revenues from covering more than 45 percent of overall Medicare costs in each year through at least 2013. Congress is supposed to consider the President’s proposal or a comparable proposal to avoid exceeding the 45-percent limit. Some have …
  • The Dubious Priorities of the President's FY 2009 Budget
    Robert Greenstein, James R. Horney, Richard Kogan and Edwin Park
    Revised February 7, 2008

    The President’s budget would provide more tax cuts heavily skewed to the most well-off while cutting vital services for low- and moderate-income Americans, generating large deficits, and increasing the strain on states already confronting budget problems as a result of the economic downturn.  The budget …
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