National and State Housing Data Fact Sheets

Updated March 10, 2014

Federal Rental Assistance

About 35 percent of all U.S. households — or 41 million households — are renters. Federal rental assistance programs enable more than 4.9 million low-income households in the United States to rent modest housing at an affordable cost. About 56 percent of these households are headed by people who are elderly or have disabilities; approximately 34 percent are families with children that are headed by people younger than 62 and do not have disabilities. Nationally, 14 percent of HUD ­assisted units, and a large share of USDA-assisted units, are located outside of metropolitan areas.

Federal rental assistance programs reach only a small share of the low-income U.S. households that pay unaffordable rental housing costs.

  • In the United States, 10,250,500 low-income renter households pay more than half their monthly cash income for housing costs. The median income of these households is $1,150 and the median housing costs are $1,010, leaving only $140 to pay for other necessities. About 37 percent of these severely cost-burdened renter households are headed by people who are elderly or have disabilities, while 31 percent are other families with children.
  • When housing costs consume more than half of household income, low-income families are at greater risk of becoming homeless. Point-in-time surveys suggest that at least 636,000 people are homeless in the U.S.

Housing Choice Voucher Program: State Fact Sheets

More than 5 million people in 2.1 million low-income households use Housing Choice Vouchers to afford modest, stable housing.  The fact sheets include state-specific data on the families that Housing Choice Vouchers help, the cuts in voucher assistance that sequestration caused in 2013, and the incidence of homelessness and other severe affordable housing needs in each state.

Click on the state abbreviation (above) or name (below) to jump to its fact sheets.

Voucher Utilization and Federal Rental Assistance Fact Sheets
National Illinois Nebraska South Dakota
Alabama Indiana Nevada Tennessee
Alaska Iowa New Hampshire Texas
Arizona Kansas New Jersey Utah
Arkansas Kentucky New Mexico Vermont
California Louisiana New York Virginia
Colorado Maine North Carolina Washington
Connecticut Maryland North Dakota West Virginia
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District of Columbia Michigan Oklahoma Wyoming
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Georgia Mississippi Pennsylvania
Hawaii Missouri Rhode Island
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